Knee Arthritis Treatment

Derived from the Latin words “arthro” meaning joint and “itis” meaning inflammation, is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation of one or more joints in the body. Inflammation is a natural defense mechanism that the body employs in response to various factors, including trauma, degeneration, infection, and even certain cancers. Knee arthritis is a prevalent form of arthritis, and Dr. Abhay Chhallani, a recognized expert in this field, sheds light on the intricacies of this condition.

Types of Knee Arthritis:

Arthritis comes in various forms, with the most common being osteoarthritis. However, it's important to note that other types of arthritis also affect the knee joint, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Each type of arthritis has its distinct features, but the underlying pathological processes often share similarities.

The Anatomy of the Knee Joint:

Understanding knee arthritis requires knowledge of the knee's complex anatomy. The knee joint is composed of several essential components. The surfaces of the bones that come into contact with each other are covered by a specialized tissue known as cartilage, specifically hyaline cartilage. This cartilage is smooth, white, and low-friction, serving to facilitate the joint's movement. The joint is encased by a capsule lined with synovium, a soft, fluffy material that secretes nutrients and enzymes into the joint space. Furthermore, a small volume of fluid is present within the joint.

The Pathological Process:

In the early stages of arthritis, the synovium becomes inflamed and swollen, leading to an increase in the volume of synovial fluid within the joint. Changes in the distribution of enzymes occur, and the entire joint becomes swollen, warm to the touch, painful, and stiff. Although the root cause of inflammation can vary from one type of arthritis to another, the pathological process shares similarities, albeit to varying degrees.

Progression of Knee Arthritis:

As knee arthritis progresses, the joint surfaces, along with their protective cartilage coverings, gradually wear down and deform. Over time, in cases of osteoarthritis, the cartilage may be entirely lost, resulting in a condition commonly referred to as ``bone on bone.`` This advanced stage is typically associated with severe pain, stiffness, and noticeable joint deformity.

Dr. Abhay Chhallani's Expertise:

Dr. Abhay Chhallani, a distinguished specialist in knee arthritis, possesses extensive knowledge and experience in diagnosing and managing this condition. With his expertise, patients can receive the most appropriate treatment and guidance to improve their quality of life and alleviate the discomfort associated with knee arthritis.


Knee arthritis is a multifaceted condition that can affect individuals of all ages. Understanding the different types of arthritis, the anatomy of the knee joint, and the underlying pathological processes is crucial for effective diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Abhay Chhallani's expertise in knee arthritis ensures that patients receive the care and support they need to manage this challenging condition and regain their mobility and comfort.